What Are The Different Types of Solid Hardwood Flooring?

What Are The Different Types of Solid Hardwood Flooring?

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If you are considering installing hardwood floors, you can’t get it wrong; this is an option many people are using now. Various types of hardwood floors have unique natural beauty and work with any décor, traditional, country, modern, anything.

Hardwood flooring is perfect in any room, although basements and kitchens require special considerations. This is why we have various types to choose.

Yes, the amazing attractive looks of hardwood flooring come in various types and styles to match different needs and budgets. There are many different types of solid hardwood flooring and the one you choose will be mainly because of individual taste.

We cover the entire various elements and more in our comprehensive hardwood flooring guide here.

Various Types of Solid Hardwood Flooring

You need to make several decisions when purchasing hardwood flooring for your home. These begin with the type of hardwood flooring (whether solid or engineered). From there, you need to determine the wood species and hardwood flooring grade you prefer. Let’s look at them one after the other.

1. Solid Hardwood Flooring

Solid hardwood is mainly what comes to mind when people imagine hardwood flooring. It contains solid pieces of wood from your chosen species. The whole hardwood plant is made from that wood. People prefer hardwood for its natural attractiveness. It gives a warm, genuine charm to your home regardless of the species.

Solid hardwood flooring is also highly durable. Properly install and maintain it as recommended to make sure it lasts longer. The limitations to solid hardwood are its expensive cost and proneness to moisture damage. Avoid using in rooms with more amounts of humidity.

2. Engineered Hardwood Flooring

This is made from many layers of wood pressed together. A layer of hardwood is laid on this core layer and its bottom. The several ply construction of engineered hardwood flooring exposes it to moisture damage. The wood components can expand and contract without bad results as changes occur to humidity. Engineered hardwood flooring is also liked for its flexibility. It is very versatile to be used in upper-story floors and basements.

You can also install it straight on a concrete subfloor or a radiant heating system without side effects. An extra advantage of engineered hardwood flooring is its cost. It cost lesser than solid hardwood flooring. The limitations to this type of hardwood flooring are that it is impossible to sand and refinish it, its durability and long-life s not much, and it doesn’t increase resell value of your property.

What are Various Hardwood Species?

Now that you understand the score on floors, you can start to select your species, depending on color tines, overall durability, and wood grain patterns.

Gabriel Janka is Austrian research who created the Janka Hardness Scale in 1906 and the scale is the standard in the industry today when calculating wood hardness. A higher rating number means harder wood – and more durability to your floor. Below are various hardwood species:

1. Oak

This famous hardwood contains two different types, both in high demand for flooring options. The most popular hardwood flooring option available currently is red oak, measures 1290 of Janka rating and is perfect for most flooring needs. It has warm tones starting from golden red and creamy pink to rusty brown. It comes with graceful swirled grain patterns across and can vary a bit in color and grain pattern between one board to the other. Red oak fits many décor styles, including, country, rustic, classic, and contemporary.

Selected for its fine grain patterns as well as cool hues, white oak is difficult than red oak, measuring 1360 Janka scale – making it an ideal choice for high traffic places. White oak contains gray undertones and no sight of red. Its grain and color only differ a bit, producing a total floor effect of smooth feel, which is ideal for lots of design styles.

2. Cherry

Prized because of its smooth grain pattern and warm brown hues, this product is a bit softer than some hardwoods, measuring 950 on the Janka Scale – so ideal for low-traffic areas, such as formal dining rooms and bedrooms. Cherry tends to darken a bit over time, especially if opened to direct sunlight. For the best visual effect, try installing wide flooring woods, around 8 inches to reveal the beauty of this hardwood grain pattern.

3. Walnut

Its rich, deep, chocolate tones and huge straight grain patterns make this type of hardwood a good choice for sophistication and drama. Walnut’s Janka rating is 1010 and is ideal for medium-to-light-traffic areas, but may reveal wear in high-traffic spots after some years. Color variations from one board to the next are minimal, providing walnut floors a smooth, consistent appearance.

4. Hickory

Its Janka rating is 1820 and is very durable, perfect for high-traffic areas it was formerly a leading choice for school gymnasium floors. Hickory contains mocha-tones, starting from warm brown plus dark brown streaks to creamy beige plus a hint of red. With big knots and colors that can change a lot from one board to another, hickory is perfectly suited to country and rustic style.

5. Maple

One other durable choice is maple and it measures 1450 on the Janka scale and is ideal for most rooms. It is reasonable light-colored wood, with hues that contain light cream, tan, and beige, and it usually contains a little reddish tint. Maple contains a beautiful grain pattern, with little dark streaks and specks that improve the visual interest of the wood. This hardwood goes with many styles, such as contemporary eclectic, and traditional.

Different Cut Patterns for Hardwood Flooring

The point at which wood is cut from the tree is among the major factors that determine its overall grain pattern. So when you are looking at how the various types of wood flooring will look in your home, you should consider various species and cut.

Below is a fast look into the famous hardwood flooring cut patterns.

  • Quartersawn:These logs are first to cut into quarters, then cut through the grain. Difficult to visualize, we understand – the most essential thing to know is that a flecked look, uniform graining, and a stable grain which is not as prone to warping as others are produced by this cut.
  • Plain/flatsawn: This cut is actually as it sounds – a plain, straight, flat cut perpendicular to the tree’s growth rings. Since it stretches vertically across the rings of the tree, it produces a varied, wavy grain. It is however the most popular type of cut.
  • Live sawn:These are only perpendicular slices across a tree going down-to-up. That implies that live sawn boards are usually the widest of the four and have the highest visible natural variation.   
  • Rift sawn:This cut is similar to a pie before further cut into planks or strips – which leads to straight grains that resemble quarter sawn, but the flecks are absent.

Things to note when Selecting Cut Patterns

As we discussed before, these cut patterns were formerly the most important when selecting solid hardwood flooring. However, it is turning highly popular to locate various cut patterns in engineered hardwood too. It majorly depends on the manufacturer. The majority of the best-engineered wood flooring companies is starting to offer various cut patterns. Many of the best-engineered wood flooring brands are beginning to offer various cut patterns that were only available in solid wood flooring before.

FAQ about what are the Different Types of Solid Hardwood Flooring

How many types of hardwood floors exist?

Five hardwood species (walnut, maple, oak, cherry, and hickory) are among the most famous options for household flooring and each with unique properties.

What difference exists between solid wood and engineered hardwood?

Engineered hardwood is also built of original wood but contains the core of hardwood or plywood with the top surface containing a layer of hardwood veneer. When temperature and moisture get on solid hardwood, it will expand and contract, so they only suggested at or beyond ground level.

Which is highly durable between hardwood or engineered hardwood?  

Engineered hardwood floorings are differently built. So, if you own a property with a basement level, and you still want to improve the look of the area with a hardwood floor, an engineered hardwood floor will be a highly durable option than a laminate or solid hardwood.

So, What Types of Hardwood Flooring are the Best?

In the end, the best hardwood floors are completely up to you. We understand the anticlimactic feature. But in the end, we all have different needs when it comes to our floor. The best flooring types of wood are just the ones that suit your situation. We hope that you can make a better decision from this guide to various types of wood flooring.

Now, finding a highly-rated flooring company near you is the next step. They can assist you to locate the ideal types of flooring. Locate licensed flooring professionals near you and obtain free, no-commitment estimates for your job.     

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